This is the twenty-fourth FAQ of this series on taxes for Canadian businesses in the USA.
What state taxes does a Canadian business pay in Alabama?
The Alabama state sales tax rate is currently 4%. Depending on local municipalities, the total tax rate can be as high as 11%.
The Alabama state use tax rate is currently 4%.
Unemployment Insurance (Payroll Tax)
If you have employees working in Alabama, you must pay unemployment taxes on their gross wages up to the taxable wage base ($8,000 as of 2021). The tax rate varies from 0.65% – 6.8%. Alabama’s unemployment insurance tax rate for new employers is 2.7% for 1 year.
Withholding Tax (Payroll Tax)
If you have an employee earning income while in Alabama, you must withhold a certain percentage of their income from each payroll. The amount of tax you withhold from an employee depends on the length of your pay period, the employee’s gross pay and the number of withholding allowances/exemptions claimed on their Form A4.
Corporate Income Tax
Alabama has a flat corporate income tax rate of 6.5% of taxable income.
If you remain under certain thresholds in this state, you are not responsible for taxes.
Availability of Treaty Benefits:
Use taxes are often treated as income taxes by the Canadian government when calculating income in Canada and applying for foreign tax credits. Meaning, if you pay use tax in the USA but have no net profit, you will not benefit from a tax credit theoretically. The actual application is a bit more complex.
Income taxes in the USA are almost always treated as income taxes by the Canadian government. Thus, in a majority of cases, if you pay tax in the state, you don’t pay tax again in Canada unless the Canadian rate is higher.
If you are considering business in Alabama, including sales over $250,000 to residents and businesses in Alabama, please contact a member of the EPR tax team by completing the contact form below. Our tax experts can advise on the best structure to reduce or minimize the impact of the taxes.
Canadian and foreign tax laws are complex and have a tendency to change on a frequent basis. As such, the content published above is believed to be accurate as of the date of this post. Before implementing any tax planning, please seek professional advice from a qualified tax professional. EPR Maple Ridge Langley, Chartered Professional Accountants will not accept any liability for any tax ramifications that may result from acting based on the information contained above.