What is a T1134 Information Return Relating to Controlled and Not-Controlled Foreign Affiliates?
If a Canadian corporation or individual has an interest in a foreign affiliate, whether controlled or not, it will need to complete a T1134 information return. The T1134 information return is broken into two forms, a summary and a supplement. A separate supplement must be filed for each foreign affiliate.
A foreign affiliate is a non-resident corporation where a Canadian corporation owns at least 10% of the non-resident corporation’s shares, whether directly or indirectly. The foreign affiliate is considered to be controlled if there is “de jure” control which is usually simply owing the majority of the votes. Control also includes “de facto” control which occurs when a person has direct or indirect influence strong enough to control even though they do not have the votes. If the total cost of foreign affiliates is less than $100,000 and the foreign affiliates are inactive or dormant, form T1134 does not need to be filed. A foreign affiliate is considered to be inactive or dormant when it has gross receipts less than $25,000 and assets with a fair market value of less than $1,000,000. The T1134 summary form requires the Canadian corporation to provide organizational structure information. This includes the name of the affiliated corporation, its country of residence and the corporation’s equity percentage in the foreign affiliate. The T1134 supplement form requires each foreign affiliate to report its address, country of residence, type of business activity, the historical cost of the shares, equity percentage, debt between the corporations, and financial information. Controlled foreign affiliates must also report their number of employees, the composition of revenue, capital gains (losses) and foreign accrual property income (FAPI). There are also several questions to answer regarding the foreign affiliate. The information return must be filed within 15 months of the corporation’s year-end. Penalties for not filing on time are significant, $25 per day up to a maximum of $2,500. If you have not filed yet as you were unaware of the filing requirements, the penalties may be waived if the information return is submitted under the Voluntary Disclosure Program. There are proposed changes to the deadline to make the return due within 12 months for taxation years beginning in 2020 and within 10 months for taxation years beginning after 2020. These are proposed changes and have not been enacted as of the date of this FAQ.
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Canadian and foreign tax laws are complex and have a tendency to change on a frequent basis. As such, the content published above is believed to be accurate as of the date of this post. Before implementing any tax planning, please seek professional advice from a qualified tax professional. EPR Maple Ridge Langley, Chartered Professional Accountants will not accept any liability for any tax ramifications that may result from acting based on the information contained above.